The odyssey book 10 lyrics aeolus, the laestrygones, circe thence we went on to the aeolian island where lives aeolus son of hippotas, dear to the immortal gods. Circe drugs a band of odysseuss men and turns them into pigs. Vocabulary abetting assisting aggrieved offended, upset artful tricky. A characteristic of homers style is the use of epithets, as in rosyfingered dawn or. Epics begin in medias res in the middle of things and explore a vast world or universe, generally that involves mythological landscapes such as the home of the gods. Consider a representative example, from when odysseus praises alcinous bard. Actually, the best example is odysseus loss of his cool at the end of book 9, when he has triumphed over the cyclops and is sailing away.
Neff english 1030 22 september 2010 the odyssey greek gods and goddesses are very important in the greek culture. During this time elpenor, one of the men, died in a drunken fall from circe s roof. Man of twists and turns, much suffering and master mariner are all epithets of odysseus found in the odyssey by homer. Achilles, son of peleus, athena, daughter of zeus, menelaus, son of atreus, etc. Why do you think odysseus did not tell his crew about the 6member sacrifice to scylla. In fact, two scholars from ancient alexandria claimed that the ending of the odyssey came in line 296of book xxiii. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the odyssey and what it means. List the ten story elements that are common to all stories of a heros journey, such as star wars, the lion king, the wizard of oz, or the odyssey. Interestingly, circe is also called fairhaired circe, suggesting that this epithet was a.
What are two examples of epithets from the odyssey. Or, if the fates have already determined that he must, then may he arrive late, broken, and alone, finding great troubles in his household 9. Given the narrative complexity of the odyssey, foreshadowing plays an important role in the poem by reassuring the audience that, despite the many twists and turns of the plot, odyssey will ultimately return to his family in ithaca and defeat of the suitors. Book 12 the sirens the death of the crew themes questions 1. Staying with aeolus odysseus and his crew stayed with aeolus for an entire month. After polites is turned into a pig, odysseus goes through the land of circe and climbs up the mountain to circe s hall and eats the moly so circe s drink will not poison him. Greek society was patrilineal lineage traced through the father and patriarchal ruled by men. For example, e v rieu has it occurred to me instead of the original a god put this into my mind, which his son has correctly restored. I need to find 10 examples of literary devices in book 3 of the odyssey and 10 more in book 4 of the odyssey. Then, with a prechosen partner, students will interview and gather information about their partner and come up with an epithet for them. Get an answer for what are some examples of epithets from books 10 12, 22, and 24 of the odyssey. Theres nothing better than when deep joy holds sway throughout the realm and banqueters up and down the palace sit in ranks, enthralled to hear the bard, and before them all, the tables heaped with bread and meats, and drawing wine. Athena, sometimes called pallas athena or simply pallas, often carries the epithet sparklingeyed l. Critical essays literary devices of the odyssey the odyssey.
Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24 themes all themes fate, the gods, and free will piety, customs, and justice cunning, disguise, and selfrestraint memory and grief glory and honor. Providing some of the richest and most celebrated examples of odyssean cunning, they speak as much to. The odyssey quizzes about important details and events in every section of the book. In these examples, the epithet can be contradictory to the past state of the subject.
Odysseus and his men stayed on circe s island for a year but grew increasingly restless. The circe episode in apollonius rhodius argonautica jstor. Questions on circe and book 10 of the odyssey essay example. He cant stop himself from insulting polyphemus personally, for a reason ill mention, and worst of all, ins. An ancient audience would find the lack of xenia wrong and as an insult to. Circe tells odysseus to sail close to charybdis whirlpool to save the ship and men. They are athena, zeus, poseidon, and circe, and calypso. Among other characteristics, hair gets a lot of attention in epithets. As a man aches for his evening meal when all day long his brace of winedark oxen have dragged the bolted plowshare down a fallow field how welcome the setting sun to. Circe encourages odysseus to pass through the land of the dead next so that he can speak to the prophet about whether he foresees him ever making it home. In book 10 of the odyssey cant underline, odysseus does satisfy the requirements of an epic hero.
It relates historical stories with fantastical elements of myth, legend, and divine intervention. The odyssey is an epic poem that served an educational purpose for those who heard it. What are some examples of epithets from books 1012, 22. However, his journey will be neither easy nor swift, and the pain he endures along the way is foreshadowed throughout the poem. Circe, in trying to turn odysseus and all of his men into pigs certainly has flaws, as does. Now, in book 10 of homers the odyssey, he begins with his stay with aeolus, the wind king dear to the gods. Circe told odysseus to travel to the land of the dead to speak to the prophet tiresias. Book 10 the achaeans sail from the land of the cyclopes to the home of aeolus, ruler of the winds.
Holt literature textbook 9th grade unit 11 the odyssey. Composed around 700 bc, the odyssey is one of the earliest epics still in existence and, in many ways, sets the pattern for the genre, neatly fitting the definition of a primary epic that is, one that grows out of oral tradition. Circe is described as evil in her heart which instantly doesnt make her a good or moral character. Identify and analyze epic similes, epithets, and allusions identify and analyze plot, setting, and theme in an epic. The odyssey epithets book ten circe flashcards quizlet. According to these wise guys, everything after odysseus and penelope go to bed togetherincluding all of book xxivwas added later by somebody other than homer. Calypso who, in book 5, has kept odysseus prisoner on her island for. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. What are some examples of epithets from books 10 12, 22, and 24 of the odyssey. The description by odysseus of women in the underworld as a flock frames them as lessthanhuman, suggesting that they have lost an essential aspect of themselves in death. The point of the comparison is to show the power of circe s magic, which can turn vicious predators into pet.
You should be able to cite examples of a few of these in. Reread your answers at the end prior to your final submission. This edition of the odyssey has a revised translation made by rieus son, d c h rieu, in which the gods crucial influence is seen more clearly, as it was in the original greek. The entire section contains 2 answers and 431 words. What are some good examples of hubris in books 912 of the. Powerful diction page 230 lines 35 a great floating island it was, and round it all huge ramparts rise of indestructible bronze and sheer rock cliffs shoot up from the sea to sky the quote adds to the overall passage by showing just how magnificent the aeolian island is. Using the phaeacians and the cyclopes as examples, discuss the ancient greek notion. There are a few greek gods and goddesses that play very important roles in the odyssey. Aeolus presents odysseus with a bag containing all of the winds, and he stirs up a westerly wind to guide odysseus and his crew home.
A characteristic of homers style is the use of epithets, as in rosyfingered dawn or swiftfooted achilles. Son of laertes and seed of zeus, resourceful odysseus, you shall no longer stay in my house when none of you wish to. What are some examples of epithets from books 1012, 22, and 24. In homers odyssey, for example, the wife is described as prudent, odysseus himself as manyminded, and heir son telemachus as soundminded. Circe also fails to show xenia to odysseus as although she does offer him food, she asks multiple questions to him. The odyssey book 10 bookchat by eli maulfair on prezi. Teacher will model examples first, then let students work while she monitors and answers questions. They can be either nicknames or titles given to people, as in alfred the great and william the conqueror, or insults. Get an answer for what are some examples of epithets from books 1012, 22, and 24 of the odyssey. The relationship between the mortals and the gods are very interesting. What monsters will odysseus and his men encounter first, according to circe. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Ithaca thrinacia scylla and charybdis sparta ogygia calypso mediterranean seaimportant characters in the odyssey in order of mention book 1 cyclopes sfklippcza race of book 12helios hcplcjsqthe sun god, oneeyed giants. This is a special kind of homeric epithet used frequently in the iliad and the odyssey. In the odyssey, homer employs most of the literary and poetic devices associated with epics. According to circe s instructions, odysseus was to. Describe characters and epithets in the odyssey flashcards. Epithet apostrophe alliteration assonance consonance simile metaphor imagery hyperbole verbal irony dramatic irony character foil parallel structure repetition personification foreshadowing flashback allusion end rhyme any help you could give me. Odysseus reveals another flaw in book 10 that compounds his hubrispoor.
The character of circe in the odyssey by mcclymont, j. The basic form of narrative in the odyssey is very strongly oriented towards imagery. Epithets are used because of the constraints of the dactylic hexameter i. Follow directions in each question you will be graded on following directions, correct answers, spelling, and punctuation and properly introduced and cited quotes. To link to this the odyssey books 10 12 summary page, copy. What are two examples of epithets from the odyssey answers. Women had less power and occupied a subordinate status. In this epic greek poem, homer recounts numerous epithets for odysseus as well as. Circe, for example, is the nymph with lovely braids 10. The odyssey books 10 12 summary the odyssey by homer books 10 12 summary and analysis. Use your odyssey book and study guide to answer the following questions from book 9 and 10.738 909 1285 871 1386 353 1299 286 22 869 480 494 902 1313 852 8 512 578 1296 1128 1315 515 94 13 1071 688 1413 999 731 241 304 151 1316 1248 839 178